Journal of Airline Operations and Aviation Management http://jaoam.com/index.php/jaoam <p>The world is connected through globalization. Due to this fact, interactions by air transportation are increasing rapidly. Aviation is a key component of the global economy, and airline operations are considered one of the most important criteria in evaluating national economic growth. The term ‘Management’ is commonly used in our everyday business. However, the term ‘Aviation Management’ may seem unfamiliar. As the aviation industry is unique from its environment, there is a need to specify the focus on applying general management in the aviation industry. Considering the importance of aviation management in airline operations, there will be numerous interesting topics to be studied in advance. In this Journal, we invite all papers that are related to aviation management and airline operations. The author's contribution to this topic will not only be significant to this Journal, but also for future developments in aviation management and airline operations.</p> <p><strong>Journal of Airline Operations and Aviation Management (ISSN: 2949-7698)</strong> is a scholarly publication for publishing and disseminating research, academic discoveries, and professional analysis on all aspects of airline operations and aviation management. The magazine covers a broad spectrum of issues related to the aviation business, with a major concentration on the management and operations of airlines.</p> <p>The contributions can adopt confirmatory (quantitative) or explanatory (mainly qualitative) methodological approaches. Theoretical essays that enhance the building or extension of theoretical approaches are also welcome. JAOAM selects the articles to be published with a double bind, peer review system, following the practices of good scholarly journals. JAOAM is published quarterly exclusively online and follows an open-access policy. On-line publication allows to reduce publishing costs and makes more agile the process of reviewing and edition. JAOAM defends that open-access publishing fosters the advance of scientific knowledge, making it available to everyone.</p> <p><strong>Scope of the Journal: </strong></p> <ul> <li>Strategic issues in aviation management</li> <li>Airport design and operations</li> <li>Aviation security and safety</li> <li> Airline operations, economics and marketing</li> <li>Avionics and Flight training</li> <li>Logistics and air cargo</li> <li>Forecasting methods and revenue management</li> <li>Finance and economics</li> <li>Intermodal transport topics</li> <li>Management</li> <li>Environmental issues</li> <li>Air transport policy and regulation</li> <li>Aviation law</li> <li>Macroeconomic issues</li> <li>Network planning, slot allocation, scheduling</li> <li>Air traffic control</li> <li>Airport planning and management</li> <li> <div dir="auto">Aviation meteorology</div> </li> <li> <div dir="auto">Weather forecast </div> </li> <li> <div dir="auto">Weather instruments</div> </li> <li> <div dir="auto">Radars and Lidars</div> </li> <li> <div dir="auto">Satellites</div> </li> <li> <div dir="auto">Aircraft and UAVs observations</div> </li> <li> <div dir="auto">Remote sensing</div> </li> <li> <div dir="auto">Jet streams</div> </li> <li> <div dir="auto">Airport Weather</div> </li> <li> <div dir="auto">Severe weather</div> </li> <li> <div dir="auto">High impact weather</div> </li> <li> <div dir="auto">Nowcasting</div> </li> <li> <div dir="auto">Weather impact on Airport operations</div> </li> <li> <div dir="auto">Air pollution and airport operations</div> </li> <li> <div dir="auto">Weather and flight dynamics</div> </li> </ul> <h4>Objectives of the Journal: </h4> <p>The airline industry is one of the most competitive industries worldwide. Globalization leads to further dynamic growth in the industry; at the same time, the growing trend towards deregulation forces managers to question traditional practices and search for new responses and new management tools.</p> <p>1. Knowledge Dissemination: The publication shares cutting-edge airline operations and aviation management research, insights, and best practices. The journal shares knowledge with aviation scholars, practitioners, policymakers, and others by publishing high-quality articles.</p> <p>2. Academic and Professional Exchange: The journal allows academics, researchers, and professionals to share ideas, experiences, and research. This exchange fosters collaboration between people from different backgrounds to learn about airline operations and aviation management.</p> <p>3. Research Advancement: The magazine promotes aviation industry research by offering a dedicated platform for publications. It invites scholars to perform novel studies, give fresh ideas, and study emerging trends that could impact airline operations and aviation management.</p> <p>4. Practical significance: The journal balances theoretical and practical significance. It publishes articles that add to the field's theoretical foundations and offer actionable insights and solutions that experts may apply in airline operations and management.</p> <p>5. Industry Innovation: The journal promotes aviation industry innovation by publishing articles on technology advances, best practices, and new tactics. The publication motivates industry experts to think creatively and change their operations by displaying inventive solutions to problems.</p> <p>6. Policy Implications: By publishing research on how policies affect airline operations and management, the journal may influence aviation rules and regulations. It may inform regulatory and policymaker decisions with evidence-based insights.</p> <p>7. Professional Development: The publication provides aviation professionals with current knowledge, research, and best practices. This can help airline operations and aviation management experts learn.</p> <p>8. Global Reach: The magazine welcomes contributions and readers from around the world on a wide range of airline operations and aviation management issues. This worldwide reach allows varied opinions and experiences from different locations and cultures to be shared.</p> <p>As a reputable and influential publication, the "Journal of Airline Operations and Aviation Management" promotes research, knowledge sharing, and collaboration among researchers, academics, and industry professionals to help the aviation industry grow, develop, and sustain.</p> <h4>Readership: </h4> <ul> <li>Researchers and academics in the field of airline operations and aviation management and related fields</li> <li>Managers and policymakers in the aviation industry including airlines, airports, and air traffic control</li> <li>Executives in government regulatory and other bodies</li> </ul> <h4>Contents</h4> <p>Articles report on current findings of research in the field of aviation management. Findings may result from empirical observation. <em>JAOAM</em> includes research papers, book reviews, commentary, and shorter viewpoint pieces. Special issues devoted to important topics in airline operations and aviation management will occasionally be published.</p> <p>The whole Publication process in JAOAM is totally <strong>free-of-charge</strong> and therefore, Authors/Readers/Subscibers does not need to pay any submission fees, editorial processing charges, article processing charges (APCs), page charges, colour charges. </p> <p><strong>Editor-in-Chief:</strong> </p> <p><strong>Prof. Ismail Gultepe, PhD, ECCC</strong></p> <p>Ontario Technical University, Faculty of Engineering and Applied Sciences, Oshawa, Ontario, Canada</p> <p><strong>Email:</strong> <a href="mailto:ismail.gultepe@ontariotechu.ca" target="_blank" rel="noopener">ismail.gultepe@ontariotechu.ca</a> , ismail.gultepe@gmail.com<br /><br /><strong>Orchid profile: </strong><a href="https://orcid.org/0000-0002-8433-5953">https://orcid.org/0000-0002-8433-5953</a></p> <p><strong>Google Scholar profile:</strong> <a href="https://scholar.google.co.in/citations?user=UytseMQAAAAJ&amp;hl=en">https://scholar.google.co.in/citations?user=UytseMQAAAAJ&amp;hl=en</a></p> <p><strong>Scopus profile:</strong> <a href="https://www.scopus.com/authid/detail.uri?authorId=56000281400">https://www.scopus.com/authid/detail.uri?authorId=56000281400</a></p> <p> </p> The Netherlands Press B. V. en-US Journal of Airline Operations and Aviation Management 2949-7698 A Review on Weather Impact on Aviation Operations: Visibility, Wind, Precipitation, Icing http://jaoam.com/index.php/jaoam/article/view/43 <div class="page" title="Page 1"> <div class="section"> <div class="layoutArea"> <div class="column"> <p>Meteorological conditions affect aviation, marine, and land transportation, and play an important role in aviation accidents and operations. Wind (Uh), visibility (Vis), and Precipitation rate and amount (PR and PA) are the most important meteorological parameters that affect the terminal weather and in- flight conditions. Weather is considered a causal factor in about 30% of all US aviation accidents (NASA, 1999). Fatal aviation accidents based on the NTSB data related to ceiling, fog, and wind are estimated at 20%, 14%, and 10%, correspondingly. Knowing weather conditions can help to improve operational planning, including fuel consumption and people safety. Wind shear and gust, and turbulence need to be measured or predicted for the flight route and airport terminal weather. In addition, low Vis and ceiling are the second most important weather events affecting aviation operations. Lastly, precipitation type, rate and amount are the third important group of parameters that severely affect the flight operations such as de-icing. Earlier analysis of these events suggested that the meteorological conditions need to be studied in detail to better predict and monitor weather conditions for operational needs. In this respect, both observations quality and numerical weather predictions model simulations should be improved, and both new technologies and statistical models such as machine learning and artificial intelligence analysis should be developed for the aviation operations.</p> </div> </div> </div> </div> Ismail Gultepe Copyright (c) 2023 2023-08-15 2023-08-15 2 1 1 44 10.56801/jaoam.v2i1.1 Challenges to the Operational Safety and Security of eVTOL Aircraft in Metropolitan Regions: A Literature Review http://jaoam.com/index.php/jaoam/article/view/44 <p>The start of urban air mobility operations using helicopters began in 1940s in Los Angeles to transport passengers and mail between various locations. However, the concept of urban air mobility (UAM) only emerged in the 1960s. Its implementation used helicopters to avoid congestion by land, typical of populated metropolitan regions. However, there was a severe limitation in using these aircraft because of accidents, huge operating costs, and high noise generation levels. In 2010, a new UAM concept conceived electric vertical take-off and landing (eVTOL) vehicles. These vehicles, in principle, would be safer, with lower operating costs and less noisy than helicopters. Several aircraft manufacturers have developed dozens of eVTOL models, focusing on the feasibility of using them for UAM in some metropolitan regions. However, we must consider several challenges to materialize this new concept, including those related to operational safety and security. Among these challenges is these vehicle operations integration to the airspace structure and the air traffic control system, the new embedded and ground systems development, the ground infrastructure implementation to support the operations, the reliability of air navigation systems, the meteorological information provision in real-time and with complete coverage of metropolitan airspaces to be used by eVTOL, and others. Despite some similarities, this new UAM concept will not be identical for all urban regions due to differences related to topographies, weather, urban construction patterns and air traffic control systems. Therefore, local studies are essential to support gradual and safe implementations of operations with these vehicles. This paper presents a literature review, identifying and discussing the utmost safety and security-related challenges researchers observe.</p> Bruno Garcia Franciscone Elton Fernandes Copyright (c) 2023 Journal of Airline Operations and Aviation Management 2023-08-15 2023-08-15 2 1 45 56 10.56801/jaoam.v2i1.2 Is Safety Always Going to be More Important Than Privacy? http://jaoam.com/index.php/jaoam/article/view/45 <p>Lately Elon Musk published headlines news that has been focused on his private jet and its whereabouts, leading the billionaire to announce he is taking legal action against a 20-year-old who has been tracking his travels. The US Federal Aviation Administration is proposing an upgrade to air transportation that will fundamentally overhaul the current, aging system. A key component, the automatic dependent surveillance broadcast (ADS-B) system, will enhance air traffic monitoring and control by requiring aircraft to continually broadcast position, identity and velocity via unencrypted data links to ground stations. Although ADS-B may enhance air traffic safety and support the increase in traffic demands, open broadcast of clear aircraft data points raise serious security concerns. The ability to encrypt ADS-B message transactions would afford protection to ensure that the confidentiality of aircraft data is not compromised. The implementation of an encryption framework for a large, distributed and dynamic system, however, is nontrivial. This paper discusses the ADS-B as a tool — the way that it is beneficial and the way it could be exploited.</p> Tomasz Balcerzak Alexandra Yarushina Jan Rajchel Copyright (c) 2023 Journal of Airline Operations and Aviation Management 2023-08-15 2023-08-15 2 1 57 67 10.56801/jaoam.v2i1.3 Review of the History of Mesoscale Convective System Forecasts on Aviation http://jaoam.com/index.php/jaoam/article/view/46 <p>Airports are important national resources, and Aviation Weather Services are critical to the aviation industry's success. According to the National Transportation Safety Board's (NTSB) analysis of weather-related circumstances that influence near- surface aircraft operations, wind and turbulence caused 1381 accidents, visibility, ceiling height (hc), and precipitation-related accidents occurred 485 times, and aircraft icing caused 150 accidents between 2003 and 2007. Mesoscale convective systems (MCSs) arise when cumulonimbus clouds merge into a single entity that can span hundreds of miles and continue for hours, posing a higher threat to aviation due to its size and duration. The mesoscale downdraft of a squall-line MCS's stratiform area sometimes merges with the convective downdrafts in the leading line of convection, and these mergers can produce strong effects, with the gust front surging forward and triggering new convection in the form of a “bow echo," according to Doppler radar. Bow echo events are of particular concern to forecasters because they are typically associated with strong, damaging surface winds. Because MCSs are still a major socioeconomic issue, it's critical to construct climate models that incorporate them, whether through cloud-resolving modeling or parameterization. MCS characteristics are influenced by the increasingly contaminated aerosol environment in most parts of the world, and as the Earth warms, MCS patterns will certainly change.</p> Kyaw Than Oo Copyright (c) 2023 Journal of Airline Operations and Aviation Management 2023-08-15 2023-08-15 2 1 68 85 10.56801/jaoam.v2i1.4 Aviation and Climate Change: Challenges and the Way Forward http://jaoam.com/index.php/jaoam/article/view/47 <p>There is a broad scientific consensus that the phenomenon of global warming is very likely driving a global climate change. There is also a developing understanding that climate change and air transport have a two-way relationship. This paper aims to identify the possible impacts of climate change on the aviation sector and to discuss adaptation plans that will address the vulnerabilities and will ensure safe aviation-related operations. Climate change is known to cause disruptions in airport operations due to greater and more frequent temperature extremes and changes in precipitation and wind that are very possible to demand increased take-off distances and decreased climb rates. Extreme rainfall and rising sea levels may threaten coastal and low-lying airports with flooding. Changes in biodiversity and wildlife patterns intensify the bird strike hazard. Disruptions also occur in air operations. Increasingly frequent extreme weather events are responsible for air traffic delays. Changing atmospheric patterns and icing conditions challenge aircraft performance and rise flight duration and flight costs. The above risks may have a direct impact on travel and tourism, affecting destination favorability and the duration of the tourism season. All the above concerns call for urgent actions from the policymakers and the industry. Adaptation measures include the development of risk-assessment frameworks and action plans for the major stakeholders, technology advancements to deal with gas emissions and oil depletion, long-range infrastructure planning and investment, the introduction of climate-related regulations, as well as raising awareness and promoting collaboration as key steps in building climate change resilience for the global aviation sector.</p> Elen Paraskevi Paraschi Copyright (c) 2023 Journal of Airline Operations and Aviation Management 2023-08-15 2023-08-15 2 1 86 95 10.56801/jaoam.v2i1.5 Evaluating the Effectiveness of Sustainable Aviation in the Middle East: A Study of Two UAE-Based Carriers http://jaoam.com/index.php/jaoam/article/view/48 <p>Middle East aviation industry comprises 4.5 percent of the global aviation market, thanks to its strategic location between all continents of the world and its position as a hub connecting the European and Asia-Pacific markets. The UAE is the biggest aviation market in the Middle East, with a 45 percent share of the region’s aviation sector. This study evaluates the effectiveness of sustainable aviation by analysing the sustainability measures and strategies of two carriers: Emirates Airline and Etihad Airways. Thematic analysis of sustainability reports of the two carriers identified the environmental impacts of their operations and their measures and strategies to reduce greenhouse gas emissions in compliance with ICAO and IATA policies and targets within the pillars of sustainability: economic, social, and environmental. The study concludes that, despite the strategies and measures reported, the chances that both airlines would achieve 2050 net zero emissions target remains slim.</p> Nahed Bahman Mahmood Shaker Copyright (c) 2023 Journal of Airline Operations and Aviation Management 2023-08-15 2023-08-15 2 1 96 107 10.56801/jaoam.v2i1.6